The American buffalo called "bison," once roamed in the wild American continent in the number of 60 million.
But, as settlers from Europe set foot on the continent, the iconic American animal butchered by the newly arrived Europeans.
Equally, the same number of native American Indians were also massacred by the European and by the disease they brought to the new continent.
The main staple for the native Indians, who depended on the animal for everything including food and clothes, disappeared as did the fate of the Indians.
Once nearly extinct, the American buffaloes could be able to return to its national parks. Now the number of wild American buffaloes is not known.
During the American Indian War period the African-American soldiers particularly at the US Cavalry regiments were called "buffalo soldiers" by the native American tribes.
In North America there are two types of bisons: Plains bisons and wood bisons. Wood bisons are larger than plains bisons. During Ice Age both came to North America from Asia through the Bering Strait.
Unlike American bison, their cousins on the Black Continent is called "African buffalo, and the one in Asia is called "water buffalo."
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