News
 International
   Global Views
   Asia-Pacific
   America
   Europe
   Middle East & Africa
 National
 Embassy News
 Arts & Living
 Business
 Travel & Hotel
 Medical Tourism New
 Taekwondo
 Media
 Letters to Editor
 Photo Gallery
 News Media Link
 TV Schedule Link
 News English
 Life
 Hospitals & Clinics
 Flea Market
 Moving & Packaging
 Religious Service
 Korean Classes
 Korean Weather
 Housing
 Real Estate
 Home Stay
 Room Mate
 Job
 English Teaching
 Translation/Writing
 Job Offered/Wanted
 Business
 Hotel Lounge
 Foreign Exchanges
 Korean Stock
 Business Center
 PR & Ads
 Entertainment
 Arts & Performances
 Restaurants & Bars
 Tour & Travel
 Shopping Guide
 Community
 Foreign Missions
 Community Groups
 PenPal/Friendship
 Volunteers
 Foreign Workers
 Useful Services
 ST Banner Exchange
  America
"What Do They Really Want?:
Obama's North Korea Conundrum"
Special Contribution
By Victor Cha
CSIS Korea Chair
Victor Cha, Korea Chair of the Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)

Washington, Oct. 9, 2009 — The Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) Korea Chair Victor Cha has written a new article for The Washington Quarterly, “What Do They Really Want?: Obama’s North Korea Conundrum.”

Below is the brief summary of the article prepared by Dr. Cha.

We remained deadlocked over a particular clause in the document. Our counterparts across the table demanded language that we thought to be unacceptable. Yet, in an effort to move the already faltering negotiations forward, we agreed to send the language back to Washington overnight for approval. This was the fourth round of the Six-Party Talks in September 2005. The talks had been suspended previously for well over a year, and the Bush administration, in its second term, was reengaging in a way that the first term had not. At issue was the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s (DPRK) demand that we put into writing a statement of U.S. non-hostile intent. The clause in question stipulated that the United States ‘‘has no intention to attack or invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons.’’1 To my surprise, the language came back the next morning having been approved in Washington.

When we came back to the negotiation session at the Diaoyutai State Guest House with the accepted language, the Russians asked the Chinese chair for a recess from the deputy head of delegations drafting session. During the recess, they held a bilateral meeting with the North Koreans. In this meeting, they told the North, according to my Russian counterpart on their delegation, “The Americans are serious. You see this [clause]? This is called a negative security assurance. We tried to get this from them throughout the Cold War and were unsuccessful.”

It seemed to me at the time that the DPRK finally received the security guarantee and the end to ‘‘hostile’’ U.S. policy that they had long sought. Yet, after holding this out as a precondition for progress, in subsequent rounds of negotiations they proceeded to brush this off as a meaningless commitment, a piece of paper that guaranteed nothing for North Korean security. Today, the clause remains buried in the 2005 Joint Statement bereft of any significance, despite all of the intent to make it the definitive statement of U.S. non-hostile intent.

Negotiating with North Korea is all about contradictions. What can be important one day can become unimportant the next. A position they hold stubbornly for weeks and months can suddenly disappear. But these contradictions tell us a lot about core goals that may lie beneath Pyongyang’s rhetoric and the provocative actions which culminated in a second nuclear test on May 25, 2009. Understanding these core goals, moreover, offers insights into how spectacularly unsuccessful North Korean leader Kim Jong-il has been as he prepares to step down.

What do the North Koreans ultimately want with their recent spate of provocative behavior? What is often stated through the mouths of their foreign ministry officials is only a part of the Pyongyang leadership’s broader goals. The judgments that follow are also informed by the experiences and “gut instincts” of those who have negotiated with the regime over the past sixteen years.

Please find a link to the full report below:
http://www.twq.com/09october/docs/09oct_Cha.pdf


The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a private, tax-exempt institution focusing on international public policy issues. Its research is nonpartisan and nonproprietary. CSIS does not take specific policy positions; accordingly, all views, positions, and conclusions expressed in these publications should be understood to be solely those of the authors.


H. Andrew Schwartz
ASchwartz@csis.org
CSIS
www.csis.org



Related Articles
    No Significant Activity Observed in N. Korea's ...
    Sharp Focus: A Unique View of the Sinpo ...
    Sharp Focus: A Unique View of the Mayang-do ...
    Sinpo South Shipyard Update: North Korea Moves ...
    N. Korea Shows Signs of Reprocessing Activity ...
    Business as Usual: North Korea Restarts ...
    Two Years since Singapore: Did Kim Outplay ...
    Pyongsan Uranium Concentrate Plant Remains ...
    Singapore Summit Assessed by Victor Cha
    N. Korea Announces Successful Hydrogen Bomb ...
    Reports of Another High-Level Execution in ...
    US President Obama to Visit S. Korea April ...
    North Korea Abducts American Senior Citizen
    S. Korea President Park Geun-Hye Holds Summit ...
    N. Korea Threatens to Strike the United States
    CSIS Korean Chair Victor Cha Analyzes North ...
    South Korea Elects President Park Geun-Hye
    North Korea’s Successful Rocket Launch
    North Korea’s Second Rocket Launch in 2012
    Shake-up in Pyongyang
    The Death of the DPRK Leader
    Restart of U.S.-DPRK Negotiations
    S. Korea Wins Bid to Host 2018 Winter Olympics
    Beijing Acts Like North Korea's Defense Lawyer ...
    "America's First Pacific President" Attends ...
    Succession in North Korea
    Jimmy Carter’s Mission to North Korea
    The Aftermath of the Cheonan
    North Korean Leader Kim Jong-il’s Visit to ...
    The Sinking of the ROK Navy Vessel Cheonan
    Pyongyang Deserves Same Treatment as Seoul
    "Seoul Government Needs to Conduct Its Own ...

Other Articles by Prof. Victor Cha
     Biden-Moon Summit: Rejuvenating and ...
     Sinpo South Shipyard Update: North Korea ...
     N. Korea Shows Signs of Reprocessing ...
     Business as Usual: North Korea Restarts ...
     CSIS Commission on the Korean Peninsula: ...


Dr. Victor Cha is Korea Chair of the Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). He earned his MA from Oxford, and Ph.D. from Columbia. Many books he authored include the award-winning author of "Alignment Despite Antagonism: The United States-Korea-Japan Security Triangle." As prolific writers of articles on int'l relations in such journals as Foreign Affairs and The Washington Quarterly, he also interacts frequently with CNN, NYT, and Washington Post as well as Korean media.

 

back

 

 

 

The Seoul Times Shinheungro 25-gil 2-6 Yongsan-gu, Seoul, Korea 04337 (ZC)
Office: 82-10-6606-6188 Email:seoultimes@gmail.com
Copyrights 2000 The Seoul Times Company  ST Banner Exchange