By Purva Asrani
2) Change in the structure or specificity of the receptor on the surface of bacteria.
3) Neutralization of the drug molecule.Human induced causes 1) Intake of inadequate dosage of antibiotics as required for the treatment.
(Most of the population stops the use of antibiotics before the completion of the required dosage and this is one of the most severe causes for the multiplication of resistant form of bacteria.)2) Consumption of meat and their products aids in development of immunity towards antibiotics.
(These antimicrobials are usually given to livestock so as to make them healthy and protect them from various diseases but intake of such products marks the increased exposure of such agents in the body).3) Unnecessary exposure to antibiotics.
(Antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infections and their unnecessary use or exposure to treat other viral or fungal diseases can help the bacteria to become resistant).4) Too frequent or repeated use of antibiotics.
Major diseases at risk1) Pneumonia which once was easy to control by Penicillin now has reduced its response towards the disease.2) Developing a drug against Tuberculosis has always been a challenging task for the scientists because of the multidrug resistance.3) Risk of acquiring nosocomial infections have reached at an alarming rate.4) Urinary tract infections caused by E. coli has shown a dramatically increase in the rejection of the drug molecules.5) Erythromycin- Resistant Streptococcus causes much illness (mainly toxic shock syndrome) which also has a major risk factor.Efficient strategy to solve the crisisMany of the scientists worldwide are working hard to tackle the adversity caused by the resistant forms of bacteria. Not much antibiotics have been introduced after 1986 and it’s not an easy task. An effective treatment towards a particular disease may not be available at this point of time but there is no such thing whose precaution is not available.Knowledge is not sufficient until unless it is applied to bring about the effective measures and there are few control measures which every common man must undertake to fight against the current scenario. Therefore, we must ensure the safe handling of the antibiotics so as to stop risking our lives to biohazard.1) Cutting down the unnecessary use of antibiotics.
2) Having a complete dosage and the period of treatment in case of bacterial infections.
3) Isolation of the infected patients.
4) More use of effective vaccines for preventing the infections.
5) Maintenance of hygienic conditions especially in Hospitals.
6) High resistant antibiotics should be replaced with low resistant potential antibiotics.“It’s not just the sole responsibility of the researchers to provide us better; we must unite to bring out the best in any possible way”.By Purva Asrani (student of Microbial Biotechnology at Amity University, Noida (U.P.)Sources-
Strategies to control Antibiotic resistance- NCBI
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